This bird has a short tail and its stripes are strikingly striolated, which creates a visually impactful appearance.
The Machaeropterus striolatus, commonly known as the striolated manakin or western striped manakin, is a type of bird belonging to the Pipridae family. The male birds have an olive upper-body with a red cap and nape. Their secondaries are enlarged and stiffened with white tips, and their tail is also stiffened. Additionally, they have heavy stripes on most of their underparts with a red broken band found on the upper breast. Lastly, their tail is light gray in color.
The female bird has a uniform olive color on her upper body and a dull white tone on her lower body. Her breast and sides have subtle streaks of white on a pale olive background, while the breast side has a slight brownish tint. Unlike the male bird, she does not have a red crown on her head.
The Striolated Manakin is only found in certain areas of South America, specifically in the west and north regions. This bird can be spotted in northern Peru, western Brazil, eastern Ecuador and Colombia, western Venezuela, and the Tepui region of southern Venezuela. Although there has been only one recorded specimen from western Guyana in the 19th century.
These feathered creatures have a preference for residing in the lower and middle levels of damp forests, particularly those on solid ground and well-established secondary wooded areas. Occasionally, they wander towards the fringes of the forest.
The primary source of their nourishment is fruit, however they also consume flying insects during their quick and nimble hunts.
Male manakins do not participate in nesting duties and instead engage in displays within exploded leks. These leks consist of a small group of individuals, typically no more than three but sometimes up to 11, who are within earshot but not in sight of each other. The leks are usually situated atop low hills, and each male has a set of preferred perches from which it intermittently calls throughout the day. If a female appears at the lek site, the male switches to a series of short vertical jumps accompanied by vibrating wing movements that produce insect-like buzzing notes. However, females are solely responsible for raising the chicks. Limited information is available on this topic.
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